Nizhny Novgorod City Guide -
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Home › Welcome to Nizhny Novgorod

Welcome to Nizhny Novgorod

Nizhny Novgorod Region Map

Population: 1,3 millions
Average temperature: January -12°C, July +18°C
Time zone: UTC+3 (UTC+4 in Summer)
Telephone code: +7 831
City Administration official web site:


The city of Nizhny Novgorod was founded in 1221 by Grand Duke Georgy Vsevolodovich. In the 14th century (1341-1392) Nizhny Novgorod was a capital of the grand duchy. In the 15th-17th centuries - a chief town of the uyezd (district), and from 1714 till 1929 - a principal town of the province. In 1929-1932 the city got a centre of Nizhny Novgorod Territory. From October 7th in 1932 the city got named as Gorky after the great Russian writer Alexey Maximovich Gorky. On October 22th in 1990 the city was renamed back to its historical name Nizhny Novgorod according to the referendum results and the decree of the RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) Supreme Soviet Presidium. More on history


Nizhny Novgorod region with its centre in Nizhny Novgorod is a territory with Russian population prevalence that according to the latest enumeration census comes to 95% of all the inhabitants. Approximately 100 different ethnic nationalities live in Nizhny Novgorod though. At present time 28 national-cultural societies are officially registered in the city. Official and prevalent language is Russian.


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Nizhny Novgorod is placed in the Central European part of Russia and lies at the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers at a distance of 440 km to the east from Moscow. The local climate is temperate continental. There is a balneoclimatic resort area Zelyony Gorod (Green City in English) at a distance of 25 km from Nizhny Novgorod (within its suburb).

Nizhny Novgorod Today

Today Nizhny Novgorod is a capital of Volga (Privolzhsky) Federal District, a centre of Nizhny Novgorod Region, and a recognized capital of Volga-Vyatka Economic Region. More on Nizhny Novgorod today


The mostly developed kinds of business are machinery construction and metal processing, food industry, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, medicine, light, and woodworking industries. The major enterprises are "GAZ" joint-stock company, "Nizhny Novgorod Aircraft Construction Factory "SOKOL" joint-stock company, "Nizhny Novgorod Machine Works" joint-stock company, "KRASNOE SORMOVO" Factory" joint-stock company, "NITEL" joint-stock company, "NORMAL" joint-stock company, "HYDROMASH" joint-stock company, "ORGSINTEZ" joint-stock company, "NIZHFARM" joint-stock company, and others. More on business Link to Business section

Twin & Partner Cities

For more than 15 years the city has been open for foreigners. Nizhny Novgorod twin cities are Tampere (Finland), Linz (Austria), Philadelphia (the USA), Jinan (China), Essen (Germany), and others. Nizhny Novgorod partner cities are Bologna (Italy), Brno (Czechia), Leipzig (Germany), and others. More on international relations


Nizhny Novgorod city and the region transport infrastructure including an international airport, passenger and cargo river ports, a large railway junction lets realize the idea of the transnational European passage extension up to Nizhny Novgorod and so lets make the region attractive for tourism. More on transportation Link to Transportation section

Historical & Cultural Heritage

There have been a lot of unique historical, architectonical, and cultural memorials saved in the city. It gave the basement for UNESCO to include Nizhny Novgorod to the list of top 100 world cities that have world historical and cultural value. More on tourism Link to Tourism section


Auspicious investment climate has been formed in the city. Today there are more than 100 companies with an international capital working in Nizhny Novgorod. A few major projects with foreign companies participation have been realized. European Bank for Reconstruction and Development branches are successfully working in the city. Some part of them is engaging in small and mid business crediting. More on investment Link to Business section

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