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Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin

Russian: Нижегородский кремль, Nizhegorodsky Kreml

Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is a historical centre of Nizhny Novgorod, the city heart, and the place that the history of Nizhny Novgorod was started. Nowadays Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is said as the grandest and the most majestic medieval fortress extant in the central Russia. As per the experts there is not any similar construction that would have the same level difference between its two parts (the Kremlin is located on the hill) and so it was one of the most perfect engineering-fortification erections of its time.

Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin erection in its present appearance was started in 1500 and lasted for 15 years. About 2 kilometers of fortress walls were erected then. The walls height was up to 22 meters.

Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin system includes 13 towers - 5 square towers that have the gates and 8 round ones. Their names are Dmitrovskaya (the central one), and from this tower going westwardly, Kladovaya, Nikolskaya, Koromyslova, Taynitskaya, Severnaya, Chasovaya (a watch-box tower with clock), Ivanovskaya, Belaya, Borisoglebskaya, Zachatskaya, Georgievskaya, and Porohovaya. Some towers of Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin acquired theirs names from the churches situated not far from them, some followed the legends that they related to. Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin towers are 18-30 meters height connected with huge walls (up to 5 meters in width) with merlons. The walls height is 12-22 meters.

Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin Today

Today Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is not only the historical centre of Nizhny Novgorod but the location of the city and the region executive, the political centre. Inside the Kremlin walls there are the city authorities, the region governor administration, the region ministries, and the legislation authorities. The memorials, the cultural and religion sights are harmoniously located near the political life - Art Gallery, Mikhaylo-Arkhangelsky Cathedral, Eternal Flame, and the other.

How to Get to Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin

Nizhny Novgorod, ploshchad Minina i Pozharskogo (Minin and Pozharsky Square)

Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is located in the Upper City of Nizhny Novgorod, in the very centre of the historical part of Nizhny Novgorod.

What Is Near to See

Nizhny Novgorod State Art Museum (Nizhny Novgorod Art Gallery)
Upper Volga River Embankment
Bolshaya Pokrovskaya Street (Pokrovka)
Chkalov Staircase

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